Bucheon is the eighth name of our hometown, and used to be called Zubuto, Zangjae, Soozoo, Gaeyang, Anna, Gillzu, and then Bupeong. Bucheon has had an eighty year history as of 1994. Many people consider Bucheon to be founded in 1973, and thus 30 years old now, but according to many historical materials and data, we know that this is not the truth.
We must admit that the establishment of Bucheon is not exactly what the local people may believe, but the city does has an eighty year long history, regardless of whatever name it is being called. Let’s say that we were invaded on August 29, 1910: this is usually called the combining of Korea and Japan due to a wrong interpretation of history, but we may also consider this event as national humiliation). Four years later in 1914, our country was under the control of Japan, which conducted a nationwide unification of all states and counties. This was how Bucheon originated.
Japan divided the states into many small villages to retain their control of Korea and colonize the country. The Japanese also decentralized and severed communication and relations among the Korean people. They shrunk the size of counties to 40km in area (they were originally about 160km, and from 3km to 503km). They also reduced the number of families who lived in each county to 1,000 (originally at least 180,000 and 280,000 at most). Counties whose populations were smaller than this standard were combined with the nearest county, and those that were only 4km in area and were home to about 800 families were combined with others by force and governed by Japan.
Before these changes, Anlan (Bupeong was called Chosum during the Annandobu Time and was called Annan during the Korean Dynasty) was growing and developing independently of its own. Now, 1/3 of the Bucheon city district is equal to the size of Annan, except for Gaesoo and Ockgeoll Dong) and the domination of Incheon, except Jaemoolpo, Inchen, Jingji and yeongheongmiaeon?daegockmiaeon of Namyanggun and modo、sindo、and zangbongdo of ganghuado. All those other places were united as one county. The name of this newly formed county came from two parts: Bu came from the entire district and Cheon came from Incheon. We may find the history of Bucheon in the book=No. 48> that contains the formal recorded history of Bucheon. Korea’s body of administration had been shrunk from 31 counties and 160 Dong into 84 Dong, and has remained this way for a long time. Anyway, the administrations of Bucheon were built on this base and received much support.